Great post! 1) Apricot Alexis When fully open, it has a large cushion in the middle. Start a feeding cycle in March, April, or May, depending upon your zone. Plant these flowers in clusters in rock gardens, along paths, or under a lawn. Growing Notes Aphids are a big problem on these though so plan accordingly. Gorgeous work…kudos to you! Established plants should not be fed after July, so new growth is not injured by frost. As the petals open, they soften to a lavender tone that is beyond lovely when mixed with Candid and Apricot Alexis, as well as late season dahlias like Cafe au Lait and Voodoo. If your plant has visible damage or just seems to be failing to thrive, a disease might be the culprit. All garden mum varieties have their genetically determined flowering time under natural day conditions. Early-blooming mums usually flower during the month of September. Do not prune them back after frost has turned them brown. These plants grow fast, and you should have flowers in the first growing season. Great post and beautiful images, thank you for sharing your knowledge with all. The warm undertone of the color lets it play nicely with other warm autumn colors, even red. Mums do best in moderate climate conditions. Thank you Jenny! This is inspiring me to plant mums next year, a flower I have previously written off 🙂. Early bloomers will be in full flower in mid-summer while late-season bloomers will begin to show color in late summer to early fall. Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. From late spring to mid-summer, pinch back the tips and flower buds on all shoots to make the plant bushier and prepare it for a dramatic fall show. There are also dwarf forms that grow just 8 to 10 inches tall and standards that can reach 3 feet in height. Unfortunately, mums as cut flowers in the United States suffered quite a blow when flower production was globalized in the 70s and 80s. And when gardeners try to transplant these mums into the ground late in the season, chances are they won't make it through winter and become perennial. Tamp down the soil gently. I was also thrilled to see I chose so many of the cultivators you mentioned above. 2) Lynn Johnson Great for bridal bouquets and centerpieces alike. It is an excellent way to double your plants for free. these are stunning! Mocha would be best in a hoop house. There are over 5,000 varieties of mums in cultivation. I am getting many different results while researching online and am just wondering what worked best for you? It’s super productive and great grown as a spray. I think I a might need to grab a few more I missed. Have you re-thought your support system for your mums yet or are you still using the netting? It’s definitely staying in the rotation. Dear Barbara: There are early, mid-season and late mums and you can find the variety to suit your timing, but you probably will have to order it from a catalog or online nursery. Flowers very nicely as a spray. Beautiful. In warmer climates, consider heat delay. The most straightforward and fastest method is through division. When growing in a pot, water the soil surface, using a watering can, until moisture begins to drain from the bottom of the pot (make sure the pot has drainage holes). I do not have any other mum suppliers that I have used, but you can be sure I’m currently on the hunt for some. are herbaceous perennials in the daisy family and are stalwarts of the flowering autumn garden. Comes to Must Have Perennials from Aris Horticulture, Inc. The plants get a second hard pinch in July, pinching all the branches down to about two sets of leaves to encourage even more branching. I just put up a post on them on my blog nothing to compare with yours, just a little ode to their beauty…all so lovely. It takes a considerable amount of effort to manipulate this genetic trait to be able to take advantage of the very early and late-season sale opportunities. While working at Longwood Gardens, one of the most renown hubs for mum production in the US, I learned the fine art of disbudding and pinching for highest quality blooms. This dusky purple flouncy bloom was new to us this year. A large lush white irregular incurve that blooms early on tall stems. The main stems of the plant are thick and super sturdy so they hold up well to being out in the open field. and you never know…maybe next year the dreaded gladiola will make a comeback :)))), Too funny, Betsy! Early-blooming mums can be cut back or allowed to flower. Mums sprout in early spring and then start to grow in a bush-like fashion, sometimes. Minnqueen is rose-pink with 3" flowers. If you’re using a mum as a perennial, plant in early spring, or in the fall at least six weeks before the first killing frost. It is a genus with amazing diversity, both in blooms and uses. Minngopher is ruby-red with 2" to 2-1/2" flowers. I think this is fabulous, like Peonies of the fall. Stems are long and it grows wonderfully as a spray with all the blooms at pretty much the same level on each stem. Our mums are grown in black plastic with drip irrigation. These flowers only grow about 4 inches in diameter, making it a petite mum to add to your garden that won't take up too much space. Liriope is salt tolerant and deer resistant. Spacing is 12″ apart, two rows in a three foot wide bed. If we wanted earlier bloom production for some reason, we would not do this second pinch. These unique plants are equally useful in the kitchen (teas, soups, salad greens, etc) as they are in combating garden pests (mums are a key ingredient in the organic insecticide, Pyrethrum). 6) Apricot Courtier http://myemail.constantcontact.com/2014-Shipping-Announcement.html?soid=1109510086072&aid=HBn2fE54XTE, Autumn Wedding at Pomme Radnor | Philadelphia | Becky & George, Morris Arboretum Wedding | Melissa + Kyle | Philadelphia PA, 5 Reasons to Have Living Walkways on a Small Farm. The only major pest we’ve really experienced on the mums to date are aphids. If you choose to move the plants, do so before the first hard freeze. ... exciting mum varieties blooming at Robin Hollow Farm yesterday afternoon. Apparently she’s a finicky plant that doesn’t like to overwinter so the team at King’s Mums has a hard time getting enough cuttings to sell. You can propagate mums several ways: division, seeds, and cuttings. Best grown under cover if you can but perfectly fine out in the field too. When selecting varieties, there's wide range of types to pick from: decorative, daisy, and low-growing cushion mums as well as early-blooming anemones, quills, and spiders. I’m wondering if corralling would make harvesting a bit easier and still would hold them up. Other common names for these colorful fall characters are based on the shortened version (\"mums\") of the genus name. Mums can make a wonderful impact in containers. Hardy from zones 4-10. They have a wide range of bloom color, size and petal formation, but they also have different bloom times. The most popular of the spoon mums is ‘Kimie’, showing off golden yellow petals in a single row around a tight center disk. Required fields are marked *. Native to China and prized for over 2,000 years, the name “chrysanthemum” comes from the Greek words for gold (chrysos) and flower (anthos) and is often affectionately shortened to “mum.” When you put the plant in the new pot, the surface of the soil should be an inch below the lip of the new pot. Here in the UK chrysanths have suffered the same fate, but seeing them grown and displayed like this is proof they are due the same renaissance that dahlias are presently enjoying. We also fertilize heavily with fish emulsion and kelp. Break up any roots you can, but do not damage the roots. As you might expect with a flower that's been in cultivation for so long, the pedigree of garden mums is impossible to trace. A Belgian Mum® will do most of it’s growing between sunrise and 11am. Beginning in the 1920s, U of M researchers were selecting and breeding mums for early flowering; none bloomed before Minnesota's killing frosts. Soil should remain moist, but not soggy. They like a soil pH slightly on the acidic side. In addition, the added heat and stress of the sunlight shortens the life of the blooms that appear as well. Beautiful and inspiring! Hugs! Most mums are completely root-bound when you get them. The color is a really nice warm tone so it mixes nicely with Candid and Seatons Ruby for autumn centerpieces. This is a case where the genus name has become such a commonly used name that capitalization is often abandoned (as will be the case in this article). I’m in Colorado in zone 5. Jennie, thank you for sharing your vast mum knowledge! I will try to grow better! Thanks again for all the great info. Pick a Healthy Mum These flowers look very pretty when grouped with other early-blooming … Growing & Marketing Advice Tough Liriope can be divided easily, some varieties produce variegated foliage. 4) Seatons Ruby Great for bridal bouquets and centerpieces alike. Garden mums are often purchased already flowering in containers. Unfortunately, the mums for sale in garden centers in the fall have been coddled in nurseries and coaxed to set buds for September blooms. 8) Coral Charm So very delicate, it is a warm hue that blends superbly with the classic red and copper tones of autumn. I would love to grow Moira Chrysanthemums in my garden (from being swayed by the pictures on this page!) Full sun forces a mum into full-blown bloom mode. I’ll put that up in the blog post as I forgot to mention it earlier. A new cultivar to us this year, but firmly in the favorites list and definitely a repeat, this very warm peachy gold bloom is superb for wedding work. If the winter is mild, the ones in the field will overwinter as well. The plants were not particularly robust for us so Moira may not be the best cultivar for growers focused on wholesale production. The roots have taken up the entire pot, which makes it really hard for the soil to retain any water. For anyone who doesn’t know, you can read more here about King’s disruption of stock: http://myemail.constantcontact.com/2014-Shipping-Announcement.html?soid=1109510086072&aid=HBn2fE54XTE Mums thrive in full sun but can handle a bit of shade. This is so helpful, thanks! Mum colors include white, yellow, pink, orange, red, burgundy, cream, salmon, and bi-color. White mums seem to be especially prone to aphid pressure. I’m in Michigan! Our rooted cuttings from King’s are grown on in four inch pots in the heated greenhouse from March through May. The chrysanthemum has long been admired as a bloom of much significance in several cultures, particularly their native homeland, China. This is not a problem in warmer climates, where a bit of deadheading will satisfy most mums after bloom, but in areas with sub-zero winters, perennial plants need strong roots to anchor them into the ground. Jennie, If you’re using chrysanthemums for a pop of fall color to boost your late season garden, plant them when they’re blooming in later summer or early fall and treat them as annuals. Buds are also great in boutonnieres. Since the central bud opens so much earlier than the laterals, we usually cut it out first to use in small centerpieces. This large lush bloom has the most amazing copper gold tone. 10) Seatons J Dore 7) Honeyglow Their hardiness, plus their ability to be pinched back during the summer so they won't bloom until fall, make these jewel-toned beauties a welcome splash in the garden at a time when most summer flowers have faded. Your post here was very helpful. These hardy blooms can handle light frost without flinching and many have the same dramatic beauty of dahlias. A very reliable producer, it’s great grown as a spray with long enough laterals that you can split the main stem apart to use smaller side stems in centerpieces. Always a looker and highly productive, this little beauty tends to bloom more warm mauve than coral for us (see above photo). Water should drain freely through the soil and out the bottom of the pot when watering. What a beautiful site! I have to confess that I was most decidedly in the anti-mum camp for most of my life. I just got my order from the new King’s Mums and was so excited to come back and revisit your post to see what I should do with my plugs. It may not be available in 2014. Simply so, are Belgian mums Hardy? See more ideas about hardy mums, garden mum, autumn garden. Give the pot a good watering until it flows out of the bottom of the pot. Then, either mulch the plants heavily with at least 4 to 6 inches of mulch or dig up a pot, and move the plants to a more protected spot in the garden for the winter. In the fall garden, chrysanthemums are the showstoppers, blooming prolifically well after other garden plants have called it quits for the season. Uses & Attributes. It is crucial to provide nitrogen and potassium to chrysanthemums during their vegetative phase. The buds are huge and a true purple; great for corsages and boutonnieres. But mums can definitely do well out in the open field if you don’t have a hoop house. We often use it before it’s fully open though and absolutely love the very warm red and gold color mixed in with other warm autumn tones. Our mums are grown organically so we use a combination of fish emulsion, kelp and compost tea sprayed as a foliar feed every other week throughout the growing season until they begin to bloom. We … Different cultivars come into bloom at different times. Thank you again for the education! Those slender stems do mean that it’s prone to toppling in heavy storms. Camina Red Belgian Mum® Plants are one of the best dark red varieties available for early blooming. Each plant is hugely productive so a small amount goes a long way. Therefore, a heat delay in early season cultivars can be partially overcome by providing a 10-hour day (14-hour night). Mums can suffer damage from aphids, thrips, and spider mites. Where freezes come early, you should plant early-blooming mums. My mum knowledge is hugely lacking. Hi Jennie! Give them 1 inch per week during the early growing season, and then increase this to two or three times a week as the flower buds mature and the flowers begin to open. I will update the post if I should find some. The cushion habit of mums, a genetic discovery of Experiment Station mum breeders, was the basis for the U of M's first plant patent, in 1977, for 'Minngopher.' What a treasure of knowledge!! You can get a time-released fertilizer (12-6-6), which feeds the plants for about three months. Thanks for such an informative post about varieties and growing techniques for these beauties! Hugs to you too, Nancy! Click to see full answer. If it’s cold, they don’t make it. Weekly feeding with a diluted water-soluble fertilizer can prolong the blooming. Mums are ideally supported with two levels of Hortnova netting, though if plants get too big before we get around to putting netting on, they get supported with stakes and twine. However, there are varieties that are truly perennial in most climates when planted in the early spring or in the fall several weeks before the first frost. I have ordered from King’s but my plants are not great. But, depending on weather and the environment, if left to grow naturally without any pinching or pruning, some varieties will start blooming in the summer and grow quite tall and leggy. Cool temperatures don’t bother mums, either. Early and midseason varieties are ideal for areas in the middle of the country. Thanks! Thank you, They are quite abundant, and we use Pure Spray Green as an organic control. Hope you have a great 2019 season! Otherwise you may experience a high mortality rate due to root rot, rather than frost. Is there another source you recommend? Patty. I bet gladiola are gonna make their come back one day! The "Minn" series of cushion mums are early bloomers and also come in a variety of colors. Our November weddings and Thanksgiving centerpieces are heavily reliant on the mums. Buds are especially cute for boutonnieres. Two of the most common causes of premature budding that are within the growers' control are stress from lack of watering or from lack of fertilization. wondering if you sell seeds or plants at all? I’m officially inspired to experiment with growing some mums next season! Spider – Appropriately named for their long, curling petals that look like spiders sitting on top of stems, spider mums are one of the more unusual chrysanthemum plant types.Examples include Anastasia and Cremon. Make no mistake, chrysanthemums thrive in full sun. My favorite time to use it is actually when the blooms are about half open so it looks more like a quill than a spider. Heat delay can cause irregularly formed flower buds, erratic flowering, deformation of the plant’s crown, and other developmental issues. Leaf spots and powdery mildew are rarely fatal, but plants with other diseases should be removed and destroyed. Now in the fourth season of mum production at the farm, I feel like I’ve got a good handle on which varieties work best, particularly for wedding designs. Midseason and late mums are best in the South. There is also a semi-double type of mum, which is very similar to the single blooms and are attractive when used in sprays. King’s is just gonna have to ramp up production after this post 🙂. This flower is very closely related to Scilla (Blue Siberian Squills). We are cutting heavily from the mums from the last week of October to the third week in November. Late-blooming cultivars flower after mid-October. Extreme heat can cause the plants to struggle. About This Is My Garden. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, The Spruce Gardening & Plant Care Review Board, The Spruce Renovations and Repair Review Board. Here are general rules for chrysanthemums in other years when they don’t look as if they will bloom too early: For sturdy flowers and big blooms start pinching back chrysanthemums in spring and pinch often. I felt super lucky to see some gorgeous, exciting mum varieties blooming at Robin Hollow Farm yesterday afternoon. Very productive with long slender stems. in mid-July. Would you say in zone 7 late March it would be okay to plant out rooted cuttings from King’s in low tunnels due to cramped indoor space? If grown under the cover of a hoop house, they can easily keep blooming well through Thanksgiving here in Philadelphia. I thumbed through and became fascinated by all the different bloom classifications. Awesome, Kelly! The flowers are 1" across—purple and pink varieties are on the market. You’ve converted me – I’m crazy about mums now!! Front Border, Middle Border, Container, Long Blooming. It’s super productive and the best of the many whites I’ve tried over the years. It’s a striking accent in centerpieces, and I love to pair it with warm soft pinks and peach blooms along with purple kale. To obtain the exceptional varieties or exhibition mums, you will need to start from seed or order from a nursery or specialty mail-order company. The Igloo series brings unprecedented uniformity and flower power to the late Summer/early Autumn perennial border. Thank you so much for posting and sharing this incredible knowledge! If plants are dry in the morning make sure to irrigate thoroughly and evenly. Your email address will not be published. Plant in well-drained soil and avoid oversaturation. Fill the bottom of the new pot with good quality potting soil. Plant Needs. This cultivar has been at the farm since we started growing mums and will be there until we stop. I sure wish I could have worked at Longwood. When selecting varieties, there’s wide range of types to pick from: decorative, daisy, and low-growing cushion mums as well as early-blooming anemones, quills, and spiders. It was there that I first saw a catalog from King’s Mums. This system works for us but may not work for every farm depending on the end consumer. Really helpful to know good varieties and that you don’t disbud. I’m saving cuttings of my own in desperation. Cool weather is just what pansies prefer, blooming in cool spring weather or in the fall. 5) Mocha How many cuttings per variety do you start with to propagate from and how many plants do you end up setting out from that number? Common diseases include botrytis, leaf spots, rust, powdery mildew, stem and root rots, verticillium wilt, aster yellows, and viruses. Poor soil drainage will cause the plants to rot. My second favorite mum of all time, the rich ruby red of this bloom is unlike any other I’ve seen. Would you consider selling a few rooted cutting next spring?thanks. Garden mums (Chrysanthemum spp.) xo. Mums are very popular with bees and butterflies, too. I would surely think Honeyglow and Lynn Johnson would be good bets for you as they bloom early. Mix a few of these in with Apricot Alexis and Candid in a bouquet or centerpiece for instant drama and color harmony. As flowers became bred to withstand long distance shipping and rough handling in super markets, the thousands of unique mum cultivars available got nit picked over until only a handful of super sturdy (boring) button mums and even fewer “football” mums remained in mass production for cutting. Here in zone 7 in Philadelphia, we don’t rely on overwintering and just plan to order new plugs each spring. This Is My Garden is a gardening website created by gardeners, for gardeners! Try planting your plants out even earlier under a layer of Agribon for a little protection. One of the only flowers I know that displays a true gold quality at the tip of its petals. Wonderful for centerpieces with hefty blooms that make designing quick. Thanks a ton for sharing-while I was reading it I had to keep getting up and walking around because I was too exited to sit. . Buds are especially cute for boutonnieres. Thus, they are best planted next to early bloomers. I know, it’s truly heartbreaking. Marie Iannotti is an author, photographer, and speaker with 27 years of experience as a Cornell Cooperative Extension Horticulture Educator and Master Gardener, Garden mum, garden chrysanthemum, hardy chrysanthemum, hardy mum, mum, 4 to 36 inches tall and 12 to 36 inches wide (size varies depending on the variety), Gold, white, off-white, yellow, bronze (rust), red, burgundy, pink, lavender, and purple, Growing Hardy Chrysanthemums in Containers, How to Grow Hardy Mum (Chrysanthemum morifolium) Plant, Calibrachoa (Million Bells) Plant Profile, Purple Coneflower (Echinacea) Plant Profile. It’s super productive and the best of the many whites I’ve tried over the years. You will rarely find named mums in garden centers. Spoon – As the name suggests, spoon mums are easy to spot by the long, spoon-like petals that radiate from the center.Examples include Starlet and Happy Face. Unfortunately, mums as cut flowers in the United States suffered quite a blow when flower production was globalized in the 70s and 80s. I loved this blog post and bought my farm a large variety from King Mums and I am so sad to hear they won’t be able to have their season this year. This one will hear \"hard… The pinched piece gets dipped in rooting hormone (also available from King’s Mums) and then rooted on a heating mat in a deep plug tray. Furthermore, because mums flower so late in the season, they are nondescript, though not unattractive, in the garden until blooming time. I”m speaking for mums out in the field. Hooray for the reintroduction of so many beautiful heirloom varieties, and thank you for encouraging the use of in-season flowers. As flowers became bred to withstand long distance shipping and rough handling in super markets, the thousands of unique mum cultivars available got nit picked over until only a handful of super sturdy (boring) button mums and even fewer “football” mums remained in mass production for cutting. i love mums! That's especially true when you pair them with other late-season bloomers, such as sedum, goldenrod, Russian sage, asters, and gaillardia.

early blooming mum varieties

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